How do vaccines work?

Written by: Rebecca Bridgewater-Gill, Nikki Kendrick and Claire Stoker

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References
  1. Voysey M, et al. Lancet 2021;397:99–111;
  2. BioNTech. mRNA vaccines to address the COVID-19 pandemic. Available at: https://biontech.de/covid-19-portal/mrna-vaccines. [Accessed March 2021];
  3. Baden LR, et al. N Engl J Med 2021; 384:403–416;
  4. Shang J, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2020;117:11727–11734;
  5. COVID-19 Oxford Vaccine Trial. About the COVID-19 Vaccine Trials. Available at: https://covid19vaccinetrial.co.uk/about. [Accessed March 2021];
  6. van Riel D and de Wit E. Nature Materials 2020;19:810–812.

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